National Cemetery Lodges: Documented for the Historic American Landscapes Survey - National Cemetery Administration
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National Cemetery Administration

 

National Cemetery Lodges: Documented for the Historic American Landscapes Survey

The lodges constructed by the Quartermaster's Department are a catalog of American housing types that spans a century. Between 1867 and 1960, the U.S. Army Quartermaster's Department built lodges for cemetery superintendents that provided residential and office space. In the early twentieth-first century, 72 of these buildings exist on NCA-managed cemeteries, including 18 designed in the distinctive Second Empire style that date to the 1870s.

For this reason, national cemetery lodges were the subject of a NCA research and documentation project completed for the Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) in 2014. The HALS collection is housed at the Library of Congress. The history reports, drawings, and photographs about the lodges may be found here.

The HALS documentation project included measured drawings of the cemetery lodge at Finn's Point National Cemetery, New Jersey. This Second Empire-style lodge retains many of its historic features and floorplan, and the drawings record it in detail.

Architectural drawing of lodge in plan and elevation; black and white illustration.

Plans issued by the Quartermaster's Department in 1871 (left), NCA; and plans (right) drawn of the lodge at Finn's Point National Cemetery in 2012. HALS, Library of Congress.

The dual purpose of the lodge building, for housing and administrative needs of the superintendent, defined early floorplans and architectural design. The function also determined the placement of the lodges within the larger cemetery setting. They were near the entrance gates for visitor access.

Digital copy photograph of an architectural drawing for a tool house, in plan and elevation.Tool houses were also constructed to meet the superintendent's needs. They stored equipment and materials needed to maintain the cemetery and house bathroom facilities for visiting public. Only a partial exterior of one NCA tool house survives. It was constructed for Alexandria (VA) National Cemetery in 1887. The Quartermaster's drawing (right) is representative of the development of standardized Army plans for buildings of all types. The tool house is reminiscent of shed-like horse barns with an open front partitioned by two posts; for the tool house, it took an arcaded form.

The HALS history reports prepared about the national cemetery lodges also are available here.

No.

Cemetery Name (Station No.)

HALS No.

HALS Documentation

 

National Cemetery Administration, Lodges

DC-46

National Cemeteries Lodges

1.

Alexandria, Louisiana (825)

LA-4-A

Alexandria LA National Cemetery Lodge

2.

Alexandria, Virginia (826)

VA-2-B

Alexandria VA National Cemetery Lodge

3.

Annapolis, Maryland (801)

MD-6-A

Annapolis National Cemetery Lodge

4.

Baltimore, Maryland (802)

MD-4-A

Baltimore National Cemetery Lodge

5.

Baltimore, Maryland (802)

MD-4-B

Baltimore NC Asst Superintendent Residence

6.

Barrancas, Florida (828)

HABS No.
FL-388

Barrancas National Cemetery Lodge

7.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana (829)

LA-5-A

Baton Rouge National Cemetery Lodge

8.

Beaufort, South Carolina (831)

SC-1-B

Beaufort National Cemetery Lodge

9.

Beverly, New Jersey (804)

NJ-2-A

Beverly National Cemetery Lodge

10.

Black Hills, South Dakota (884)

SD-2-A

Black Hills National Cemetery Lodge

11.

Camp Butler, Illinois (806)

IL-7-B

Camp Butler National Cemetery Lodge

12.

Camp Nelson, Kentucky (833)

KY-1-A

Camp Nelson National Cemet ery Lodge

13.

Cave Hill, Kentucky (834)

KY-8-A

Cave Hill National Cemetery Lodge

14.

Chattanooga, Tennessee (835)

TN-1-A

Chattanooga National Cemetery Lodge

15.

City Point, Virginia (836)

VA-8-A

City Point National Cemetery Lodge

16.

Cold Harbor, Virginia (837)

VA-4-A

Cold Harbor National Cemetery Lodge

17.

Corinth, Mississippi (838)

MS-3-A

Corinth National Cemetery Lodge

18.

Culpeper, Virginia (839)

VA-18-A

Culpeper National Cemetery Lodge

19.

Cypress Hills, New York (808)

NY-2-D

Cypress Hills National Cemetery Lodge

20.

Danville, Virginia (841)

VA-21-A

Danville VA National Cemetery Lodge

21.

Fayetteville, Arkansas (842)

AR-1-A

Fayetteville National Cemetery Lodge

22.

Finn's Point, New Jersey (811)

NJ-3-A

Finn's Point National Cemetery Lodge

23.

Florence, South Carolina (843)

SC-2-A

Florence National Cemetery Lodge

24.

Fort Bliss, Texas (886)

TX-2-A

Fort Bliss National Cemetery Lodge

25.

Fort Gibson, Oklahoma (844)

OK-3-A

Fort Gibson National Cemetery Lodge

26.

Fort Harrison, Virginia (845)

VA-24-A

Fort Harrison National Cemetery Lodge

27.

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas (887)

KS-1-A

Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery Lodge

28.

Fort McPherson, Nebraska (890)

NE-1-A

Fort McPherson National Cemetery Lodge

29.

Fort Rosecrans, California (892)

CA-7-A

Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery Lodge

30.

Fort Sam Houston, Texas (846)

TX-3-A

Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery Lodge

31.

Fort Scott, Kansas (893)

KS-3-B

Fort Scott National Cemetery Lodge

32.

Fort Smith, Arkansas (847)

AR-3-B

Fort Smith National Cemetery Lodge

33.

Fort Snelling, Minnesota (894)

MN-1-A

Fort Snelling National Cemetery Lodge

34.

Glendale, Virginia (848)

VA-5-A

Glendale National Cemetery Lodge

35.

Golden Gate, California (895)

CA-8-A

Golden Gate National Cemetery Lodge

36.

Grafton, West Virginia (912)

WV-1-A

Grafton National Cemetery Lodge

37.

Hampton, Virginia (849)

VA-6-C

Hampton National Cemetery Lodge

38.

Jefferson Barracks, Missouri (852)

MO-2-B

Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery Lodge

39.

Jefferson City, Missouri (853)

MO-3-A

Jefferson City National Cemetery Lodge

40.

Keokuk, Iowa (814)

HABS No.
IA-197-A

Keokuk National Cemetery Lodge

41.

Knoxville, Tennessee (855)

TN-2-A

Knoxville National Cemetery Lodge

42.

Lebanon, Kentucky (856)

KY-3-A

Lebanon National Cemetery Lodge

43.

Little Rock, Arkansas (858)

AR-2-B

Little Rock National Cemetery Lodge

44.

Long Island, New York (815)

NY-3-A

Long Island National Cemetery Lodge

45.

Loudon Park, Maryland (816)

MD-5-A

Loudon Park National Cemetery Lodge

46.

Marietta, Georgia (859)

GA-1-A

Marietta National Cemetery Lodge

47.

Memphis, Tennessee (860)

TN-3-A

Memphis National Cemetery Lodge

48.

Mill Springs, Kentucky (861)

KY-5-A

Mill Springs National Cemetery Lodge

49.

Mobile, Alabama (862)

AL-1-A

Mobile National Cemetery Lodge

50.

Mound City, Illinois (863)

IL-9-A

Mound City National Cemetery Lodge

51.

Nashville, Tennessee (865)

TN-5-A

Nashville National Cemetery Lodge

52.

Natchez, Mississippi (866)

MS-2-A

Natchez National Cemetery Lodge

53.

National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (899)

HI-3-A

National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific Lodge

54.

New Albany, Indiana (867)

IN-4-A

New Albany National Cemetery Lodge

55.

New Bern, North Carolina (868)

NC-1-A

New Bern National Cemetery Lodge

56.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (819)

PA-2-B

Philadelphia National Cemetery Lodge

57.

Port Hudson, Louisiana (870)

KY-3-A

Port Hudson National Cemetery Lodge

58.

Raleigh, North Carolina (873)

NC-4-A

Raleigh National Cemetery Lodge

59.

Richmond, Virginia (874)

VA-22-B

Richmond National Cemetery Lodge

60.

Saint Augustine, Florida (875)

FL-3-A

Saint Augustine National Cemetery Lodge

61.

Salisbury, North Carolina (876)

NC-2-A

Salisbury National Cemetery Lodge

62.

San Antonio, Texas (877)

TX-6-A

San Antonio National Cemetery Lodge

63.

San Francisco, California (903)

CA-1-A

San Francisco National Cemetery Lodge

64.

Santa Fe, New Mexico (904)

NM-4-A

Santa Fe National Cemetery Lodge

65.

Seven Pines, Virginia (878)

VA-23-A

Seven Pines National Cemetery Lodge

66.

Springfield, Missouri (879)

MO-4-B

Springfield National Cemetery Lodge

67.

Staunton, Virginia (880)

VA-20-A

Staunton National Cemetery Lodge

68.

Willamette, Oregon (907)

OR-3-A

Willamette National Cemetery Lodge

69.

Wilmington, North Carolina (881)

NC-5-A

Wilmington National Cemetery Lodge

70.

Winchester, Virginia (882)

VA-19-A

Winchester National Cemetery Lodge

71.

Woodlawn, New York (824)

NY-6-B

Woodlawn National Cemetery Lodge

72.

Zachary Taylor, Kentucky (883)

KY-6-A

Zachary Taylor National Cemetery Lodge