General Program Requirements
Project Design Requirements
Site Considerations - Site Selection Standards for a Veterans Cemetery
Site Description and Site Analysis
Planning Process for Establishing Veterans Cemeteries
The appearance of Veterans cemeteries demonstrates to America’s Veterans that the nation appreciates their selfless service and the sacrifices they have made. Elevating the appearance of the cemeteries to shrine status signals the commitment to maintain our Veterans’ cemeteries at the highest standards forever. Veterans cemeteries help foster patriotism and preserve the nation’s history.
Each visitor should depart feeling that the grounds, the gravesites and the environs of the state cemetery are a beautiful and awe-inspiring tribute to those who gave much to preserve the nation’s freedom and way of life.
Each Veterans cemetery exists as a Veterans shrine and serves as an expression of the appreciation and respect of a grateful state and nation for the service and sacrifice of its Veterans. Each cemetery provides an enduring memorial to their sacrifice as well as a dignified and respectful setting for their final rest.
To satisfy this requirement, pre-applications should include a written assurance that the state, territory or tribal government will maintain the cemetery according to VA National Cemetery Administration standards as established in 38 CFR Section 39.6(4).
In general, Veterans cemetery projects should be built to create a sense of visual continuity with the site and reflect the tradition and heritage of the area. Cemetery buildings should not be isolated, preeminent elements of the cemetery. Buildings should blend with the site design and may be contemporary, single-story architectural structures found in the project region, or transitional, with a style reminiscent of historic state architecture. All buildings should be designed to reflect permanence and durability with minimum maintenance required. The overall design should consider human scale and privacy for visitors. A consistent architectural expression shall be maintained throughout the cemetery.
Cemetery master plans should be laid out in a looped circulation configuration. Loop configurations include roads that separate vehicular, pedestrian and maintenance traffic. Loop configurations also help define memorial areas but roads should not be used as boundaries to circumscribe the burial areas. The design should establish a strong sense of entry into the cemetery and create an interesting and dramatic sequence of spaces.
The development plan should be divided into phases, each consisting of an area approximating the burial need over a 10-year period. Construction of burial areas in latter phases should be programmed to be completed two years before actual need. This lead-time allows for the continuity of interment service.
Prior to construction, the site chosen should be evaluated for environmental impact and issues. Projects are required to support a FONSI (Finding of No Significant Impact) indicating the project will not have an undue negative impact on the environment.
In general, cemetery plans should avoid lakes, greenhouses and bridges. Chapel buildings, whether freestanding or part of another structure, are not allowed under 38 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) Part 39. The cost to build and maintain cemetery features of this nature is not supported by the Veterans Cemetery Grants Program. Additionally, per the CFR, the grants program does not fund cemetery land costs or offsite utilities. Some current state cemeteries received land donations for their project.
The following is a list of the reference documents required for the design of the project.
All cemetery designs must conform to state, territory, tribal government and local codes and requirements.
Site Selection Standards for a Veterans Cemetery:
Per 38 CFR 39.8, the plan for a Veterans cemetery requires a description of the site and its various elements. The description should explain specific development of the site, design concepts and include space and area requirements (space outline) for support facilities. The description should also include: proposed and existing burial acreage; available gravesites; total acreage and gravesites upon completion of the project; and the projected annual interment rates. (If the cemetery is to be developed in phases, each phase will be handled as a separate project.)
As part of the site selection process, NCA may provide states, territories or tribal governments with demographic data from the Future Burial Needs report. This information will assist states, territories or tribal governments in locating Veterans cemeteries in the most advantageous sites. Through its technical assistance program, NCA will assist State, Territorial or Tribal Directors of Veterans Affairs in answering related questions from other state, territorial or tribal government officials.
Cemeteries established under the grant program must conform to VA-prescribed standards and guidelines for site selection, planning and construction. Cemeteries must be operated solely for the interment of service members who die on active duty, eligible Veterans and their spouses and minor children. The administration, operation and maintenance of a VA-supported state cemetery are solely the responsibility of the state, territory or tribal government. VA is authorized to pay a “plot allowance” of $300 to a state, territory or tribal government for expenses incurred in the burial of an eligible Veteran.
Using the Site Selection Standards listed above, states, territories and tribal governments should identify several potential sites. Sites should be assessed for overall site potential, proximity to Veterans in the state, topographical features, available acreage and the surrounding land use. Once the number of sites has been narrowed to the most favorable locations, consider the suitability of the land for development as a cemetery. The preferred site is then described in the pre-application for a grant. States have always been partners with the Federal government in providing for the needs of military Veterans. The VA Veterans Cemetery Grants Program (VCGP) assists the states, territories and tribal governments in providing gravesites with grants used to establish, expand or improve Veterans cemeteries owned and operated by the state, territory or tribal government.
Cemeteries are constructed in phases based on the needs of the Veteran population. The initial phase of construction should be based on a projected ten-year interment rate. Initial development of larger increments would unnecessarily increase state maintenance costs. This first phase includes the development and construction of the cemetery infrastructure as follows:
In subsequent phases cemeteries should look at burial needs for 10 years. Subsequent phases will include the build out of additional burial sections and continuation of the columbarium, as required. The additional phases will require the extension of roadways to access the planned burial sections. Initially, cemeteries are specifically designed with loop roads to easily accommodate additional phases. Planning for the second phase should start approximately six years after the cemetery opens.