National Register of Historic Places and Designated National Historic Landmarks - National Cemetery Administration
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National Cemetery Administration

 

National Register of Historic Places and Designated National Historic Landmarks

Many of the oldest national cemeteries and soldiers lots managed by the National Cemetery Administration (NCA) are recognized as historically significant and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and/or designated as a National Historic Landmarks (NHL). Both programs are under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Department of the Interior.

View of monument in Dayton National Cemetery
View in Dayton National Cemetery, part of the Central Branch National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark, designated 2012.

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the nation's historic properties worthy of preservation. Properties listed on the NRHP are significant at the national, state or local level. National Historic Landmarks are buildings, sites, districts, structures, and objects that have been determined by the Secretary of the Interior to be nationally significant in American history and culture. A nationally significant property is of exceptional value in representing or illustrating an important theme in national history. Listed properties can be related by a shared historic context, such as the "Civil War Era National Cemeteries Multiple Property Submission (MPS)," a group of NCA cemeteries listed in the late 1990s. All NHL properties are also automatically listed on the NRHP.

Federal Law

The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA), as amended, mandates that federal agencies must nominate their historic properties to the NRHP. "Each Federal agency shall establish…a preservation program for the identification, evaluation, and nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, and protection of historic properties. Such program shall ensure—that historic properties under the jurisdiction or control of the agency, are identified, evaluated, and nominated to the National Register," per 16 U.S. Code 470h-2(a)(2).

Treatment

Federal agencies, including the Department of Veterans Affairs, are responsible per NHPA to take into account the effects of their undertakings on historic properties eligible for or listed on the NRHP. An undertaking is defined as a project, activity, or program funded in whole or in part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of a Federal agency, including expenditures, licensing and approvals. Procedures for reviewing undertakings affecting historic properties are addressed principally by Sections 106 and 110(f) of NHPA. Resources designated as National Historic Landmarks require a greater level of preservation diligence, per 36 CFR 65.2.

Education

The Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) program is affiliated with the NRHP. TwHP has developed lesson plans and other guidance using National Register-listed properties to encourage educators, historians, preservationists, site interpreters and others to work together effectively. Some NCA cemeteries are the basis for lesson plans, including Dayton National Cemetery, Ohio, featured in, "A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio."

The NPS Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series highlights thousands of sites nationwide, many listed on the NRHP—bringing them to the attention of anyone interested in learning more about American history, architecture and culture, and encouraging people to visit these important and inspiring places. NCA helped develop two travel itineraries to commemorate the Civil War sesquicentennial (2011-2015). One itinerary, "Civil War Era National Cemeteries: Honoring Those Who Served," includes all historic national cemeteries associated with that conflict, and a second itinerary highlights the "Veterans Affairs National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers."

Definitions

National cemetery properties have different physical characteristics based on their origin. During and after the Civil War, the U.S. government interred veterans in designated sections of private or local cemeteries as needed. Some of these "imbedded" lots located within existing burial grounds were later re-designated national cemeteries, while others remained a "soldiers' lot," "government lot," or "monument site." However, most national cemeteries are stand-alone properties.

NCA properties have been nominated to the NRHP as individual properties based on their own merit, but others share an historic context related to the period in which they were developed and later listed as a Multiple Property Submission (MPS; previously Multiple Resource Area (MRA) to the NRHP. For example, listings for the “Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS” encompasses 59 cemeteries NCA nominated to the NRHP throughout the 1990s; the "Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS" and VA's "Second Generation VA Medical Center MPS," which include national cemeteries, are two themes derived from 20th century events. Regardless of historic context, cemeteries in general are "historic districts" because they contain multiple historic resources that are contributing elements to the nomination.

National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Listing

Many of the cemeteries—or monuments within the cemeteries— are included as part of Multiple Property Submissions (MPS), also known as theme studies. While links to the individual nominations are in the table below, the following links will take you to the larger studies:

#

Property Name & State

Date(s) Listed

Nomination Title/Type or Multiple Property Submission (Theme Study), if applicable

1.

Albany Rural Cemetery Soldiers' Lot, NY

10/25/1979

NCA lot included in Albany Rural Cemetery nomination

2.

Alexandria National Cemetery, LA

07/09/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

3.

Alexandria National Cemetery, VA

03/02/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

4.

Allegheny Cemetery Soldiers' Lot, PA

12/10/1980

NCA lot included in Allegheny Cemetery nomination

5.

Alton National Cemetery, IL

05/05/2011

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

6.

Annapolis National Cemetery, MD

06/13/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

7.

Ball's Bluff National Cemetery, VA

04/27/1984

Ball's Bluff Battlefield Historic District and National Cemetery National Historic Landmark

NOTE: File is restricted and therefore not available online.

See also Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

8.

Baltimore National Cemetery, MD

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1936 MPS

9.

Barrancas National Cemetery, FL

02/12/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

10.

Bath National Cemetery, NY

01/23/2013

Included in New York State Soldiers' and Sailors' Home / Bath Veterans Administration Center Historic District nomination

11.

Baton Rouge National Cemetery, LA

07/09/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

12.

Bay Pines National Cemetery, FL

06/27/2012

Included in Bay Pines Veterans Administration Home and Hospital Historic District nomination (United States Second Generation Veterans Hospitals MPS)

13.

Beaufort National Cemetery, SC

10/10/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

14.

Beverly National Cemetery, NJ

10/15/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

15.

Biloxi National Cemetery, MS

02/14/2002

Included in Biloxi Veterans Administration Medical Center nomination

16.

Black Hills National Cemetery, SD

05/17/2016

Individual nomination

17.

Camp Butler National Cemetery, IL

08/15/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

18.

Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery, OH

04/11/1973

Included in Camp Chase Site nomination

19.

Camp Nelson National Cemetery, KY

09/03/1998

 

02/27/2013

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

 

Included in Camp Nelson Historic and Archeological District National Historic Landmark

NOTE: File is restricted and therefore not available online.

20.

Cave Hill National Cemetery, KY

 

Union Monument

12/11/1979

 

09/03/1998

 

07/17/1997

Included in Cave Hill Cemetery nomination

 

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

 

Part of Civil War Monuments in Kentucky, 1861-1935, MPS

21.

Chattanooga National Cemetery, TN

09/16/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

22.

City Point National Cemetery, VA

08/10/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

23.

Cold Harbor National Cemetery, VA

08/10/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

24.

Confederate Stockade Cemetery, OH

03/27/1975

 

06/21/1990

Included in Johnson's Island Civil War Prison and Fort Site

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

25.

Congressional Cemetery Government Lots, Washington, D.C.

06/23/1969

 

 

06/14/2011

NCA lots included in Congressional Cemetery nomination

 

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

(Documentation currently not available on-line)

26.

Corinth National Cemetery, MS

05/06/1991

 

 

11/20/1996

Included in Siege and Battle of Corinth National Historic Landmark

 

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

27.

Crown Hill National Cemetery, IN

02/28/1973

 

04/29/1999

Included in Crown Hill Cemetery nomination

 

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

28.

Crown Hill Cemetery Confederate Plot, IN

02/28/1973

Included in Crown Hill Cemetery nomination

29.

Culpeper National Cemetery, VA

02/26/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

30.

Cypress Hills National Cemetery, NY

11/13/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

31.

Danville National Cemetery, IL

01/30/1992

Included in Danville Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District nomination

32.

Danville National Cemetery, KY

05/29/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

33.

Danville National Cemetery, VA

04/07/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

34.

Dayton National Cemetery, OH

01/15/2004

 

 

10/16/2012

Included in Central Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers District nomination

 

Designated as a National Historic Landmark

35.

Eagle Point National Cemetery, OR

09/13/2016

Individual nomination

36.

Fayetteville National Cemetery, AR

07/28/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

37.

Finn's Point National Cemetery, NJ

08/31/1978

Included in Fort Mott and Finns Point National Cemetery District nomination

38.

Florence National Cemetery, SC

01/05/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

39.

Forest Home Cemetery Soldiers' Lot, WI

11/03/1980

NCA lot included in Forest Home Cemetery and Chapel nomination

40.

Fort Bayard National Cemetery, NM

07/07/2002

 

04/19/2004

Included in Fort Bayard Historic District nomination

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

41.

Fort Bliss National Cemetery, TX

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1936 MPS

42.

Fort Douglas Post Cemetery, UT

06/15/1970

 

05/15/1975

Included in Fort Douglas nomination

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

43.

Fort Gibson National Cemetery, OK

05/20/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

44.

Fort Harrison National Cemetery, VA

08/10/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

45.

Fort Lawton Post Cemetery, WA

08/15/1978

Included in Fort Lawton nomination

46.

Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery, KS

07/15/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

47.

Fort Logan National Cemetery, CO

11/29/2016

Individual nomination

48.

Fort Lyon National Cemetery, CO

01/17/2017

Individual nomination

49.

Fort Mackinac Post Cemetery, MI

10/09/1960

Included in Mackinac Island National Historic Landmark

50.

Fort McPherson National Cemetery, NE

03/07/2012

Individual nomination

51.

Fort Meade National Cemetery, SD

05/22/1973

Included in Fort Meade District nomination

52.

Fort Missoula Post Cemetery, MT

04/29/1987

 

02/28/2012

Included in Fort Missoula Historic District nomination

 

Boundary increase

53.

Fort Richardson National Cemetery, AK

03/07/2012

 

Individual nomination

54.

Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, CA

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1939 MPS

55.

Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery, TX

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1939 MPS

56.

Fort Scott National Cemetery, KS

07/15/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

57.

Fort Sheridan National Cemetery, IL

09/29/1980

 

04/20/1984

Included in Fort Sheridan Historic District nomination

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

58.

Fort Smith National Cemetery, AR

05/20/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

59.

Fort Snelling National Cemetery, MN

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1939 MPS

60.

Glendale National Cemetery, VA

02/26/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

61.

Golden Gate National Cemetery, CA

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1939 MPS

62.

Grafton National Cemetery, WV

02/19/1982

Individual nomination

 

See also Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

63.

Hampton National Cemetery, VA

02/26/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

64.

Hot Springs National Cemetery, SD

06/17/2011

Included in Battle Mountain Sanitarium, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark

65.

Houston National Cemetery, TX

02/28/2017

Individual nomination

66.

Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, MO

07/09/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

67.

Jefferson City National Cemetery, MO

10/01/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

68.

Keokuk National Cemetery, IA

06/04/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

69.

Knoxville National Cemetery, TN

09/12/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

70.

Leavenworth National Cemetery, KS

04/30/1999

 

 

06/17/2011

Included in Western Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers District nomination

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

71.

Lebanon National Cemetery, KY

06/05/1975

 

 

Individual nomination

 

See also Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

72.

Lexington National Cemetery, KY

09/03/1998

 

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

73.

Little Rock National Cemetery, AR

 

Little Rock Confederate Memorial

 

Minnesota Monument

12/20/1996

 

 

 

05/03/1996

 

 

 

05/03/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

 

 

 

Part of Civil War Commemorative Sculpture in Arkansas, 1886-1934, MPS

 

 

Part of Civil War Commemorative Sculpture in Arkansas, 1886-1934, MPS

74.

Long Island National Cemetery, NY

03/08/2016

Part of Inter-World War National Cemeteries, 1934-1939 MPS

75.

Los Angeles National Cemetery, CA

11/19/2014

Included in West Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Historic District nomination (United States Second Generation Veterans Hospitals MPS)

76.

Loudon Park National Cemetery, MD

06/20/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

77.

Marietta National Cemetery, GA

09/18/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

78.

Marion National Cemetery, IN

08/02/1999

Included in Marion Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District nomination

79.

Memphis National Cemetery, TN

10/30/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

80.

Mill Springs National Cemetery, KY

05/29/1998

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

81.

Mobile National Cemetery, AL

06/13/1986

 

 

Included in Magnolia Cemetery nomination

 

See also Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

82.

Mound City National Cemetery, IL

10/08/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

83.

Mountain Home National Cemetery, TN

06/17/2011

Included in Mountain Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark

(Documentation currently not available on-line)

84.

Nashville National Cemetery, TN

12/20/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

85.

National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, HI

01/11/1976

 

Updated 06/18/2014

Individual nomination

 

Additional documentation

86.

Natchez National Cemetery, MS

10/24/1980

 

11/22/1999

Included in Cemetery Bluff District nomination

 

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

87.

New Albany National Cemetery, IN

06/25/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

88.

New Bern National Cemetery, NC

01/31/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

89.

Philadelphia National Cemetery, PA

07/24/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

90.

Port Hudson National Cemetery, LA

05/20/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

 

Also, the cemetery is located within the boundaries of Port Hudson National Historic Landmark

91.

Prescott National Cemetery, AZ

10/29/1999

Included in Fort Whipple - Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center Historic District nomination

92.

Puerto Rico National Cemetery, Puerto Rico

09/26/1983

Individual nomination

93.

Quincy National Cemetery, IL

05/07/2011

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

94.

Raleigh National Cemetery, NC

01/31/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

95.

Richmond National Cemetery, VA

10/26/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

96.

Rock Island National Cemetery, IL

09/30/1969

 

06/13/1997

Included in Rock Island Arsenal nomination

 

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

97.

Rock Island Confederate Cemetery, IL

09/30/1969

Included in Rock Island Arsenal nomination

98.

Roseburg National Cemetery, OR

01/29/2013

Included in Roseburg Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District nomination (United States Second Generation Veterans Hospitals MPS)

99.

St. Augustine National Cemetery, FL

05/16/2016

Individual nomination

100.

Salisbury National Cemetery, NC

04/12/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

101.

San Antonio National Cemetery, TX

11/22/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

102.

San Francisco (Presidio) National Cemetery, CA

06/13/1962

 

 

10/15/1966

Included in Presidio of San Francisco nomination

 

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

103.

Santa Fe National Cemetery, NM

07/23/1973

 

09/06/2016

Some sections included in Santa Fe Historic District

 

Individual nomination

104.

Seven Pines National Cemetery, VA

10/26/1995

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

105.

Sitka National Cemetery, AK

03/07/2012

Individual nomination

106.

Springfield National Cemetery, MO

08/27/1999

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

107.

Staunton National Cemetery, VA

02/26/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

108.

Togus National Cemetery, ME

10/03/2012

Included in Togus VA Medical Center and National Cemetery District nomination

109.

Willamette National Cemetery, OR

07/05/2016

Individual nomination

110.

Wilmington National Cemetery, NC

01/31/1997

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

111.

Winchester National Cemetery, VA

02/26/1996

Part of Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

112.

Wood National Cemetery, WI

06/03/2005

 

 

06/17/2011

Included in Northwestern Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District nomination

 

Designated a National Historic Landmark

113.

Woodlawn National Cemetery, NY

10/06/2004

Included in Woodlawn Cemetery nomination

114.

Woodland Cemetery Soldiers' Lot, OH

06/04/1986

NCA lots (2) included in Woodland Cemetery nomination

115.

Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, KY

11/03/1983

Part of Jefferson County, Kentucky, Multiple Resource Area