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National Cemetery Administration

 

National Register of Historic Places and Designated National Historic Landmarks

Many of the oldest national cemeteries and soldiers lots managed by the National Cemetery Administration (NCA) are recognized as historically significant and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and/or designated as a National Historic Landmarks (NHL). Both programs are under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Department of the Interior.

View of monument in Dayton National Cemetery
View in Dayton National Cemetery, part of the Central Branch National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark, designated 2012.

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the nation's historic properties worthy of preservation. Properties listed on the NRHP are significant at the national, state or local level. National Historic Landmarks are buildings, sites, districts, structures, and objects that have been determined by the Secretary of the Interior to be nationally significant in American history and culture. A nationally significant property is of exceptional value in representing or illustrating an important theme in national history. Listed properties can be related by a shared historic context, such as the "Civil War Era National Cemeteries Multiple Property Submission (MPS)," a group of NCA cemeteries listed in the late 1990s. All NHL properties are also automatically listed on the NRHP.

Federal Law

The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA), as amended, mandates that federal agencies must nominate their historic properties to the NRHP. "Each Federal agency shall establish…a preservation program for the identification, evaluation, and nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, and protection of historic properties. Such program shall ensure—that historic properties under the jurisdiction or control of the agency, are identified, evaluated, and nominated to the National Register," per 16 U.S. Code 470h-2(a)(2).

Treatment

Federal agencies, including the Department of Veterans Affairs, are responsible per NHPA to take into account the effects of their undertakings on historic properties eligible for or listed on the NRHP. An undertaking is defined as a project, activity, or program funded in whole or in part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of a Federal agency, including expenditures, licensing and approvals. Procedures for reviewing undertakings affecting historic properties are addressed principally by Sections 106 and 110(f) of NHPA. Resources designated as National Historic Landmarks require a greater level of preservation diligence, per 36 CFR 65.2.

Education

The Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) program is affiliated with the NRHP. TwHP has developed lesson plans and other guidance using National Register-listed properties to encourage educators, historians, preservationists, site interpreters and others to work together effectively. Some NCA cemeteries are the basis for lesson plans, including Dayton National Cemetery, Ohio, featured in, "A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio."

The NPS Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series highlights thousands of sites nationwide, many listed on the NRHP—bringing them to the attention of anyone interested in learning more about American history, architecture and culture, and encouraging people to visit these important and inspiring places. NCA helped develop two travel itineraries to commemorate the Civil War sesquicentennial (2011-2015). One itinerary, "Civil War Era National Cemeteries: Honoring Those Who Served," includes all historic national cemeteries associated with that conflict, and a second itinerary highlights the "Veterans Affairs National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers."

Definitions

National cemetery properties have different physical characteristics based on their origin. During and after the Civil War, the U.S. government interred veterans in designated sections of private or local cemeteries as needed. Some of these "imbedded" lots located within existing burial grounds were later re-designated national cemeteries, while others remained a "soldiers' lot," "government lot," or "monument site." However, most national cemeteries are stand-alone properties.

NCA properties have been nominated to the NRHP as individual properties based on their own merit, but others share an historic context related to the period in which they were developed and later listed as a Multiple Property Submission (MPS; previously Multiple Resource Area (MRA) to the NRHP. For example, listings for the “Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS” encompasses 59 cemeteries NCA nominated to the NRHP throughout the 1990s; the "Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS" and VA's "Second Generation VA Medical Center MPS," which include national cemeteries, are two themes derived from 20th century events. Regardless of historic context, cemeteries in general are "historic districts" because they contain multiple historic resources that are contributing elements to the nomination.

National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Listing

Nbr

Cemetery (Station #)

Cemetery Type

Date Listed

Property Type of Theme Study, if applicable

1.

Albany Rural Cemetery,
New York (088)

Imbedded Soldiers Lot

10/25/1979

Individual, Includes NCA lot

2.

Alexandria, Louisiana (825)

National Cemetery

07/09/1997

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

3.

Alexandria, Virginia (826)

National Cemetery

03/02/1995

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

4.

Allegheny Cemetery, Pennsylvania (120)

Imbedded Soldiers Lot

12/10/1980

Individual, Includes NCA lot

5.

Alton, Illinois (800)

Imbedded
National Cemetery

05/05/2011

Individual

6.

Annapolis, Maryland (801)

National Cemetery

06/13/1996

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

7.

Balls Bluff, Virginia (827)

National
Cemetery

04/24/1984
10/24/1994

Balls Bluff Battlefield & National Cemetery
National Historic Landmark
Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

8.

Baltimore, Maryland (802)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

9.

Barrancas, Florida (828)

National Cemetery

02/12/1998

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

10.

Bath, New York (803)

National Cemetery

01/23/2013

Second Generation VA Medical Center MPS

11.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana
(829)

National Cemetery

07/09/1997

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

12.

Bay Pines, Florida (830)

National Cemetery

06/27/2012

Second Generation VA Medical Center MPS

13.

Beaufort, South Carolina
(831)

National Cemetery

10/10/1997

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

14.

Beverly, New Jersey (804)

National Cemetery

10/15/1997

Civil War Era National Cemetery MPS

15.

Biloxi, Mississippi (832)

National Cemetery

08/03/2001

Included in Biloxi VA Medical Center Historic District

16.

Black Hills, South Dakota
(884)

National Cemetery

05/17/2016

Individual

17.

Camp Butler, Illinois (806)

National Cemetery

08/15/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

18.

Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery, Ohio (075)

Confederate Soldiers Lot

04/11/1973

Individual

19.

Camp Nelson, Kentucky (833)

National Cemetery
Includes some NCA property

09/03/1998
11/08/2012
02/27/2013

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS
Camp Nelson Historic and Archeological District
National Historic Landmark
NHL executive summary

20.

Cave Hill, Kentucky (834)
Union Monument
32nd Indiana Infantry (Bloedner) Monument

Imbedded National Cemetery
Monument
Monument

09/03/1998
07/17/1997
Delisted 2010

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS
Monuments of Kentucky MPS
Permanently removed from cemetery; displayed nearby at Frazier History Museum, Louisville

21.

Chattanooga, Tennessee (835)

National Cemetery

09/16/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

22.

City Point, Virginia (836)

National Cemetery

08/10/1995

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

23.

Cold Harbor, Virginia (837)

National Cemetery

08/10/1995

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

24.

Confederate Mound, Oak Woods Cemetery, Illinois (073)

Imbedded Confederate Soldiers Lot

In progress

 

25.

Confederate Stockade Cemetery, Ohio (076)

Confederate Cemetery

06/21/1990

Johnson's Island Civil War Prison & Fort Site
National Historic Landmark

26.

Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C. (054)

Imbedded government lot

06/23/1969
06/14/2011

Individual listing includes NCA lot (806 spaces)
Congressional Cemetery
National Historic Landmark
NHL executive summary

27.

Corinth, Mississippi (838)

National Cemetery

05/06/1991
11/20/1996

Siege & Battle of Corinth
National Historic Landmark
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

28.

Crown Hill, Indiana (807)

Imbedded National Cemetery

02/28/1973
04/29/1999

Individual listing includes NCA lot
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

29.

Crown Hill Confederate, Indiana (074)

Imbedded Confederate Cemetery

02/28/1973

Individual listing includes NCA lot

30.

Culpeper, Virginia (839)

National Cemetery

02/26/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

31.

Cypress Hills, New York (808)

National Cemetery

11/13/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

32.

Danville, Illinois (809)

National Cemetery

01/30/1992

Included in Danville National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District

33.

Danville, Kentucky (840)

National Cemetery

05/29/1998

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

34.

Danville, Virginia (841)

National Cemetery

04/07/1995

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

35.

Dayton, Ohio (810)

National Cemetery

01/15/2004
10/17/2012

Included in the Central Branch National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic District
Included in the Central Branch National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark
NHL Executive Summary

36.

Eagle Point, Oregon (906)

National Cemetery

09/13/2016

Individual

37.

Fayetteville, Arkansas (842)

National Cemetery

07/28/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

38.

Finns Point, New Jersey (811)

National Cemetery

08/31/1978

Fort Mott & Finns Point National Cemetery Historic District

39.

Florence, South Carolina (843)

National Cemetery

01/05/1998

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

40.

Forest Home Cemetery, Wisconsin (122)

Soldiers Lot

11/03/1980

Forest Home Cemetery & Chapel Historic District includes NCA lot

41.

Fort Bayard, New Mexico (885)

National Cemetery

03/19/2004
07/07/2002

Fort Bayard National Historic Landmark District
Historic Fort Bayard Historic District

42.

Fort Bliss, Texas (886)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

43.

Fort Gibson, Oklahoma (844)

National Cemetery

05/20/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

44.

Fort Harrison, Virginia (845)

National Cemetery

08/10/1995

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

45.

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas (887)

National Cemetery

07/15/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

46.

Fort Logan, Colorado (888)

National Cemetery

11/29/2016

Individual

47.

Fort Lyon, Colorado (889)

National Cemetery

01/17/2017

Individual

48.

Fort Mackinac Post, Michigan (082)

Soldiers Lot

10/09/1960,
Updated 01/2000

Mackinac Island National Historic Landmark District

49.

Fort McPherson, Nebraska (890)

National Cemetery

03/07/2012

Individual

50.

Fort Richardson, Alaska (910)

National Cemetery

03/07/2012

Individual

51.

Fort Rosecrans, California (892)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

52.

Fort Meade, South Dakota (891)

National Cemetery

05/22/1973

Included in Fort Meade Reservation Historic District

53.

Fort Sam Houston, Texas (846)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

54.

Fort Scott, Kansas (893)

National Cemetery

07/15/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

55.

Fort Smith, Arkansas (847)

National Cemetery

05/20/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

56.

Fort Snelling, Minnesota (894)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

57.

Glendale, Virginia (848)

National Cemetery

02/26/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

58.

Golden Gate, California (895)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

59.

Grafton, West Virginia (812)

National Cemetery

02/19/1982
10/24/1994

Individual
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

60.

Hampton, Virginia (849)

National Cemetery

02/26/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

61.

Hot Springs, South Dakota (896)

National Cemetery

06/25/1974
06/17/2011

Hot Springs Historic District
Component of Battle Mountain Sanitarium Branch- National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark
NHL Executive Summary

62.

Houston (851)

National Cemetery

02/28/2017

Individual

63.

Jefferson Barracks, Missouri (852)

National Cemetery

07/09/1998

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

64.

Jefferson City, Missouri (853)

National Cemetery

10/01/1998

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

65.

Keokuk, Iowa (814)

National Cemetery

06/04/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

66.

Knoxville, Tennessee (855)

National Cemetery

09/12/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

67.

Leavenworth, Kansas (897)

National Cemetery

04/30/1999
06/17/2011

Western Branch, National Home for Volunteer Soldiers Historic District
Component of Western Branch-National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark
NHL Executive Summary

68.

Lebanon, Kentucky (856)

National Cemetery

06/05/1975
10/24/1994

Individual
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

69.

Lexington, Kentucky (857)

Imbedded National Cemetery

09/03/1998

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

70.

Little Rock, Arkansas (858)
Confederate Monument Minnesota Monument

National Cemetery
Monument
Monument

12/20/1996
04/26/1996
04/26/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS
Civil War Commemorative Sculpture (AR),1886-1934
Civil War Commemorative Sculpture (AR),1886-1934

71.

Long Island, New York (815)

National Cemetery

03/08/2016

Inter World War National Cemeteries MPS

72.

Los Angeles, California (898)

National Cemetery

11/19/2014

Component of LA NHDVS

73.

Loudon Park, Maryland (816)

National Cemetery

06/20/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

74.

Marietta, Georgia (859)

National Cemetery

09/18/1998

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

75.

Marion, Indiana (817)

National Cemetery

04/29/1999

Included in Marion National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District

76.

Memphis, Tennessee (860)

National Cemetery

10/30/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

77.

Mill Springs, Kentucky (861)

National Cemetery

02/18/1993

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

78.

Mobile, Alabama (862)

National Cemetery

06/13/1986
10/24/1994

Individual
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

79.

Mound City, Illinois (863)

National Cemetery

10/08/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

80.

Mountain Home, Tennessee (864)

National Cemetery

06/17/2011

Component of Mountain Home Branch-National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark
NHL Executive Summary

81.

Nashville, Tennessee (865)

National Cemetery

12/20/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

82.

National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Hawaii (899)

National Cemetery

01/11/1976,
Updated
06/18/2014

Individual
Additional Documentation

83.

Natchez, Mississippi (866)

National Cemetery

10/24/1980
11/22/1999

Included in Cemetery Bluff District MPS and as individual
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

84.

New Albany, Indiana (867)

National Cemetery

06/25/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

85.

New Bern, North Carolina (868)

National Cemetery

01/31/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

86.

North Alton Confederate Cemetery, Illinois (077)

Confederate Cemetery

In progress

 

87.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (819)

National Cemetery

07/24/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

88.

Point Lookout Confederate Cemetery, Maryland (078)

Confederate Cemetery

In progress

 

89.

Port Hudson, Louisiana (870)

National Cemetery

05/20/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

90.

Prescott, Arizona (900)

National Cemetery

10/29/1999

Included in Fort Whipple VA Medical Center Historic District

91.

Puerto Rico, Territory of Puerto Rico (871)

National Cemetery

09/26/1983

Individual

92.

Quincy, Illinois (820)

National Cemetery

05/07/2011

Individual

93.

Raleigh, North Carolina (873)

National Cemetery

01/31/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

94.

Richmond, Virginia (874)

National Cemetery

10/26/1995

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

95.

Rock Island, Illinois (821)

National Cemetery

09/30/1969
06/13/1997

Included in Rock Island Arsenal Historic District
Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

96.

Rock Island Confederate Cemetery, Illinois (079)

Confederate Cemetery

09/30/1969

Included in Rock Island Arsenal Historic District

97.

Roseburg, Oregon (902)

National Cemetery

02/08/2013

Second Generation VA Medical Centers MPS

98.

St. Augustine, Florida (875)

National Cemetery

05/16/2016

Individual

99.

Salisbury, North Carolina (876)

National Cemetery

04/12/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

100.

San Antonio, Texas (877)

National Cemetery

11/22/2000

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

101.

San Francisco (Presidio), California (903)

National Cemetery

06/13/1962

Included in Presidio of San Francisco National Historic Landmark

102.

Santa Fe, New Mexico (904)

National Cemetery

07/23/1973
09/06/2016

Some sections included in the Santa Fe Historic District
Individual

103.

Seven Pines, Virginia (878)

National Cemetery

10/26/1995

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

104.

Sitka, Alaska (905)

National Cemetery

03/07/2012

Individual

105.

Springfield, Missouri (879)

National Cemetery

08/27/1999

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

106.

Staunton, Virginia (880)

National Cemetery

02/26/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

107.

Togus, Maine (822)

National Cemetery

10/03/2012

Component of the Eastern Branch-National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District

108.

Willamette, Oregon (907)

National Cemetery

07/05/2016

Individual

109.

Wilmington, North Carolina (881)

National Cemetery

01/31/1997

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

110.

Winchester, Virginia (882)

National Cemetery

02/26/1996

Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS

111.

Wood, Wisconsin (823)

National Cemetery

06/17/2011

Component of Northwestern Branch-National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers National Historic Landmark
NHL Executive Summary

112.

Woodlawn, New York (824)

National Cemetery

10/06/2004

Individual, combined with municipal Woodlawn Cemetery

113.

Woodland Cemetery, Ohio (071)

Imbedded Soldiers’ Lot

06/04/1986

Individual, includes NCA lot

114.

Woodlawn Cemetery Confederate Monument, Indiana (081)

Imbedded Confederate Monument

In progress

 

115.

Zachary Taylor, Kentucky (883)

National Cemetery

11/03/1983

Included in Jefferson Co., Kentucky MRA