Medal of Honor Recipients
The Medal of Honor is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force that can be bestowed upon an individual serving in the Armed Services of the United States. Recipients receive the Medal of Honor from the president on behalf of Congress. It was first awarded during the Civil War and eligibility criteria for the Medal of Honor have changed over time.
Recipients buried or memorialized here:
Lieutenant Henry W. Downs (Civil War). He received the Medal of Honor while serving in the U.S. Army, Company I, 8th Vermont Infantry, for actions at Winchester, Virginia, September 19, 1864. Downs died in 1911 and is buried in Section Q, Row 7, Site 24.
Private Oscar Wadsworth Field (Spanish-American War). He received the Medal of Honor while serving in the U.S. Marine Corps for actions on board the U.S.S. Nashville in Cuba, May 11, 1898. Field died in 1912 and is buried in Section O-Q, Row A, Site 9.
Sergeant George Geiger (Indian Wars). He received the Medal of Honor while serving in the U.S. Army, Company H, 7th U.S. Cavalry, for actions at the Little Big Horn River, Montana Territory, on June 25, 1876. Geiger died in 1904 and is buried in Section N, Row 20, Site 47.
Seaman John H. James (Civil War). He received the Medal of Honor while serving in the U.S. Navy for actions on board the U.S.S. Richmond during the Battle of Mobile Bay, Alabama, August 5, 1864. James died in 1914 and is buried in Section 1, Row 19, Site 58.
Private Charles A. Taggart (Civil War). He received the Medal of Honor while serving in the U.S. Army, Company B, 37th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, for actions at Sailor's Creek, Virginia, on April 6, 1865. Taggart died in 1938 and is buried in Section R, Row 9, Site 14.
Emma Lloyd was born in 1828 and married Joseph Miller by the early 1850s. They lived in Pennsylvania and Illinois before settling in Ohio with their three young children. When the Civil War began, Miller enlisted in the Army and served in Regiment 93, Company B of the Pennsylvania Volunteers. He died ca. 1862. Emma Miller became active in Ohio's chapters of the United States Sanitary Commission, the relief agency established for the sick and wounded. She cared for disabled soldiers at Camp Chase, and oversaw the Ohio Soldiers Home in 1865. Two years later, Miller became the first matron of the hospital at the Central Branch of the National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. In 1895 she was appointed Superintendent of the Central Branch Depot. She died January 18, 1914, and was buried with full military honors (CIV, Row 3, Site 2).
Governors of the National Home
Marsena Rudoph Patrick, Major General, U.S. Army, served during the Florida War, Mexican War, and Civil War. Fourth Governor of the National Home, Central Branch, from September 23, 1880 to July 27, 1888. (Civilian Section, Row 2, Site 1)
Jerome Beers Thomas, Colonel, U.S. Army, served during the Civil War. Fifth Governor of the National Home, Central Branch, from November 17, 1888 to March 5, 1907. (Civilian Section, Row 2, Site 2)
Irwin M. Anderson, Private, U.S. Army, served during the Civil War. Father of author Sherwood Anderson. (Section 2, Row 2, Site 15)
Born in Kentucky around 1820, Joshua Dunbar enlisted in the army in 1863 in Boston. Pvt Dunbar joined the all-black 55th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, was medically discharged later that year, and re-enlisted with the 5th Massachusetts cavalry for the duration of the Civil War. Dunbar married and divorced in the 1870s and entered the Central Branch of the National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers at Dayton in 1882. His young son, Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872–1906), became "one of the first influential black poets in American literature." His father's experiences as a former slave and a soldier influenced his writing about black life at the turn of the century. Joshua Dunbar died August 16, 1885, and is buried in Dayton National Cemetery (Section E, Row 14, Site 8).
James Hobbs is also known as Comanche Jim. Captain and Scout, Texas Ranger Regiment, Mexican War; and Co. E, 1st Mo., Mounted Volunteers, Civil War. Hobbs was the Great-grandson of renowned Indian Chief, Tecumseh. He spent 15 years with the Comanches and 7 years wandering over the West and South with Kit Carson. Hobbs' Pass, Hobbs' Peak, Hobbs' Lake, and Hobbs' Trail in Arizona are named for him. For a complete obituary on James Hobbs see the Dayton Journal dated November 20, 1880. (Section B, Row 13, Site 3)
Rue Pugh Hutchins, Lt. Col., U.S. Army, served during the Civil War. Commander of the 94th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Monument to Lt. Col., Hutchins and 94th Ohio Volunteer Infantry is in Chickamauga National Military Park, Rossville, GA. Organized the 105th U.S. Colored Troops. (Section 2, Row 15, Site 5)
Edmund Burke Magner (1888–1956) was born in Michigan but the family moved to Buffalo, New York, when he was a child. A student-athlete, "Stubby" Magner excelled on the baseball diamond, playing short stop and drawing attention from professional teams. He led the Cornell University team, and after graduation in 1911, he was called up to the New York Highlanders. His professional career was brief. In the 1910s, he coached collegiate ball and practiced law in Buffalo until World War I. Lieutenant Magner served in the U.S. Navy, 1917–1919, reporting for duty to the naval station in Charleston, South Carolina. After the war, Magner married and moved to Cleveland. Census records note he resided in the veterans' hospital in Union, Ohio, in 1940 but little of his life is known after this. Magner is buried in Section 10, Row 12, Site 48.
New Yorker Louis Margolis (1897–1972) grew up in Brooklyn and took to street fighting at an early age. At 16, Margolis headed west and hopped off a train in Cincinnati. He quickly made a name for himself as a pugilist (bare fist boxer) and challenged the featherweight champion in 1913. Although he lost that event, "Kayo (K.O.) Mars" made his reputation. World War I interrupted his boxing career in 1918. Private Margolis served in the U.S. Army and was training at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, when the armistice came. In World War II, Margolis again joined the army, 1942–1943. He remained a colorful figure in Cincinnati after his retirement from boxing in the 1930s until his death. Margolis died on November 21 at the Chillicothe Veterans Hospital and he is buried in Dayton National Cemetery, Section 15, Row 17, Site 15.
Kentuckian Henry Parker (1835–1918) enlisted in the Union Army during the Civil War and was assigned to Company I, 101st United States Colored Infantry. Private Parker was discharged at the end of the war, but two years later he joined one of the newly created regiments for black troops. He served in Company D, 10th U.S. Cavalry, until 1877 and attained the rank of sergeant; regimental returns indicate he accompanied the 10th Cavalry to the Western frontier. In the mid-1880s, Parker lived in Lawrence, Kansas, where he was active in the local GAR post and married in 1893. In 1902–1904, Parker resided at the Western Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in Leavenworth, and in 1911 he transferred to the Central Branch in Dayton, Ohio. Parker died there April 18, and is buried in Section 2, Row 14, Site 37.
Pennsylvanian Joshua Williams was born ca. 1840 and he enlisted in the Army in 1864. Pvt. Williams served in Company G of the 22nd U.S. Colored Troops Infantry. He mustered out in October 1865 and entered the Central Branch of the National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in March 1867. Williams was the first black veteran to be admitted to the Dayton, Ohio, facility. He died on August 31, 1872. Williams is buried in Dayton National Cemetery (Section A, Row 10, Site 56).