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National Cemetery Administration

Timeline: Civil War and National Cemeteries (1870)

New Albany National Cemetery
New Albany National Cemetery
1861 | 1862 | 1863 | 1864 | 1865 | 1866 | 1867 | 1868 | 1869 | 1870

March 12 Secretary of War William Belknap submits an inspection report of national cemeteries to the Senate. This valuable report is one of the earliest studies of the cemetery system as a whole.

Inspection Report Chart
Excerpt from the National Cemetery Inspection Report, 1870, with the total number of union dead buried in national
and municipal cemeteries. Courtesy of the U.S. Army Military History Institute.

August 2 In a letter to General Meigs, the noted landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted suggested that national cemeteries should be "studiously simple ... the main object should be to establish permanent dignity and tranquility ... a sacred grove--sacredness being expressed in the enclosing wall and in the perfect tranquility of the trees within." As a result of Olmsted's recommendations, trees, shrubs, and flowers beds embellished the sacred grounds of national cemeteries.

New Bern National Cemetery  Frederick Law Olmsted 
Left, New Bern National Cemetery, 1884. William Garrison Reed Photo Album, courtesy of the New Bern-Craven County Public Library. Right, Frederick Law Olmsted, 1893. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.