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NCA Legacy Program Lessons

Middle Level Lessons

The Battle Cry of Freedom

Honoring African American Military Service in the Civil War

"We hold that a soldier’s most appropriate burial place is on the field where he has fallen." Francis George Shaw

Education Standards Primary & Lesson Resources

Education Standards

Common Core English Language Arts Standards (ELA)

KEY: RI: Reading Informational Text W: Writing
RI.7
Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject.
W.2
Write informative/explanatory text to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization and analysis of relevant content.
RI.3
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details and well-structured event sequences.

Common Core History/Social Studies Standards

KEY: RH: Reading History WHST: Writing History
RH 6-8.1
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
RH 6-8.4
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
WHST 6-8.8
Gather relevant information from multiple print sources and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard citation format.
WHST 6-8.9
Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

NCSS Disciplinary Standards

History

Enable learners to develop historical comprehension in order that they might reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage, identify the central questions addressed in historical narrative, draw upon data in historical maps, charts and other graphic organizers; and draw upon visual, literary, or musical sources.

Help learners to identify issues and problems of the past, recognize factors contributing to such problems, identify and analyze alternative courses of action, formulate a position or course of action and evaluate the implementation of that decision.

Geography

Guide learners in the use of maps and other geographic representations, tools and technologies to acquire, process and report information from a spatial perspective.

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Primary Sources:

Francis Shaw’s letter to General Quincy Gillmore (1863)

Six memorials to African American Civil War military service (1866-2006)

Lesson Plan Images:

Let Soldiers in War be Citizens in Peace

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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24th Regt. U.S. Colored Troops. Let Soldiers in War, Be Citizens in Peace; Page Cover
First SC Infantry Historic Marker

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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First SC Infantry Historic Marker; Page 6
Storming Ft. Wagner

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Storming Ft. Wagner; Page 7
Beaufort Post

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Beaufort Post; Page 9

Beaufort Unknown Posts

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Beaufort Unknown Posts; Page 9
U.S. Colored Infantry Grave Marker (1866)

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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U.S. Colored Infantry Grave Marker (1866); Page 10
Memorial to Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Massachusetts

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Memorial to Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Massachusetts; Page 10
Robert Smalls Bust

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Robert Smalls Bust; Page 11

John W. Jones Memorial

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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John W. Jones Memorial; Page 11
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Remembering the Civil War Fallen at Beaufort, SC

Eliza Potter’s Story

They will never be forgotten ... thanks to their brave nurse, Eliza Potter.

Education Standards Primary & Lesson Resources

Education Standards

Common Core English Language Arts Standards (ELA)

KEY: RI: Reading Informational Text W: Writing
RI.7
Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject.
W.2
Write informative/explanatory text to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization and analysis of relevant content.
RI.3
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details and well-structured event sequences.

Common Core History/Social Studies Standards

KEY: RH: Reading History WHST: Writing History
RH 6-8.1
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
RH 6-8.2
Determine the correct central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source, provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
RH 6-8.4
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH 6-8.8
Distinguish among fact, opinion and reasoned judgement in a text.
WHST 6-8.8
Gather relevant information from multiple print sources and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard citation format.
WHST 6-8.9
Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

NCSS Disciplinary Standards

History

Enable learners to develop historical comprehension in order that they might reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage, identify the central questions addressed in historical narrative, draw upon data in historical maps, charts and other graphic organizers; and draw upon visual, literary, or musical sources.

Geography

Guide learners in the use of maps and other geographic representations, tools and technologies to acquire, process and report information from a spatial perspective.

Civics and Government

Insure that learners are made aware of the full range of opportunities to participate as citizens in the American democracy and of their responsibilities for doing so.

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Primary Sources:

"Eliza Potter, The Union Nurse in Southern Hospitals." American Phrenological Journal, October 1868, 136-39

Lesson Plan Images:

The Letter for Home

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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The Letter for Home; Page 1&6
Marine Corps Emblem

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Marine Corps Emblem; Page 4
Memorial day at Beaufort National Cemetery (2015)

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Memorial day at Beaufort National Cemetery (2015); Page 4
Eliza McGuffin Potter (1829-1907)

Photo Credit: Private Collection (Potter Descendants)

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Eliza McGuffin Potter (1829-1907); Page 7&19

Union Soldiers Tablet (1868)

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Union Soldiers Tablet (1868); Page 9
Detail from Union Soldiers Tablet (1868)

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Detail from Union Soldiers Tablet (1868); Page 8
Union Soldiers Obelisk (1868)

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Union Soldiers Obelisk (1868); Page 9
Clara Barton (1821-1912)

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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Clara Barton (1821-1912); Page 10

Union Soldiers Obelisk Inscription

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Union Soldiers Obelisk Inscription; Page 18
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High School Lessons

Acts of Courage in World War II

Reviewing World War II through Medal of Honor Stories

Enacted by a bill signed by President Lincoln in 1861, the Medal of Honor is the United States’ highest military honor.

Education Standards Primary & Lesson Resources

Education Standards

Common Core English Language Arts Standards (ELA)

KEY: RI: Reading Informational Text SL: Speaking and Listening
RI.3
Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas or events interact and develop over the course of the text
RI.7
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem, narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate, synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
SL.4
Present claims and findings emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

Common Core History/Social Studies Standards

KEY: RH: Reading History WHST: Writing History
RH 9-10.1
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending the such features as the date and origin of the information.
RH 11-12.1
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole.
RH 9-10.2
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source, provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.
RH 11-12.2
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source, provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among key ideas and details events caused later ones or simply preceded them.
RH 9-10.3
Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text, determine whether earlier.
RH 11-12.3
Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence , acknowledging where text leaves matters uncertain and other graphic organizers; and draw upon visual, literary or musical sources.

NCSS Disciplinary Standards

History

Assist learners in utilizing chronological thinking so they can distinguish between past, present and future time, can place historical narratives in the proper chronological framework, can interpret data presented in timelines; and compare alternative models for periodization.

Enable learners to develop historical comprehension in order that they might reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage, identify the central questions addressed in historical narrative, draw upon data in historical maps, charts and other graphic organizers; and draw uppon visual, literary or musical sources

Help learners to identify issues and problems of the past, recognize factors contributing to such problems, identify and analyze alternative courses of action, formulate a position or course of action and evaluate the implementation of that decision.

Geography

Guide learners in the use of maps and other geographic, representations, tools and technologies to acquire, process and report information from a spatial perspective.

Help learners to apply geography to interpret the past and present and to plan for the future.

Civics and Government

Enable learners to understand the relationship of the United States to other nations and to world affairs.

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Lesson Plan Images:

Medal of Honor

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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Medal of Honor; Page Cover
Medal of Honor Memorial, Riverside National Cemetery, Riverside, CA

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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Medal of Honor Memorial, Riverside National Cemetery, Riverside, CA; Page 1&6
US Army Medal of Honor

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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US Army Medal of Honor; Page 7
US Navy Medal of Honor

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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US Navy Medal of Honor; Page 7

US Air Force Medal of Honor

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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US Air Force Medal of Honor; Page 7
Edward Moskala (1921-1945)

Photo Credit: Congressional Medal of Honor Society

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Edward Moskala (1921-1945); Page 8
Edward Moskala Grave

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Edward Moskala Grave; Page 8
Riverside National Cemetery Garden Niches

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Riverside National Cemetery Garden Niches at; Page 9

Robert Toshi Kuroda (1922-1944)

Photo Credit: US Army

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Robert Toshi Kuroda (1922-1944); Page 10
James L. Day (1925-1998)

Photo Credit: US Marine Corps

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James L. Day (1925-1998); Page 10
Medal of Honor Memorial

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration;

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Medal of Honor Memorial; Page 11
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Diversity and US Forces in World War II

Stories of Courage from Riverside National Cemetery

Riverside is the National Cemetery Administration’s third-largest cemetery ... with more than 189,000 service men and women memorialized across its dramatic landscape.

Education Standards Primary & Lesson Resources

Education Standards

Common Core English Language Arts Standards (ELA)

KEY: RI: Reading Informational Text SL: Speaking and Listening
RI.3
Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas or events interact and develop over the course of the text.
RI.7
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem, narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate, synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
SL.4
Present claims and findings emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

Common Core History/Social Studies Standards

KEY: RH: Reading History WHST: Writing History
RH 11-12.7
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media in order to address a question or solve a problem
RH 9-10.7
Conduct short as well as sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem or broaden inquiry when appropriate, synthesize multiple sources on the subject.
RH 11-12.7
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem, narrow or broaden an inquiry when appropriate, synthesize multiple sources on the subject demonstrating understanding of the subject

NCSS Disciplinary Standards

History

Enable learners to develop historical comprehension in order that they might reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage, identify the central questions addressed in historical narrative, draw upon data in historical maps, charts, and other graphic organizers; and draw uppon visual, literary or musical sources.

Geography

Guide learners in the use of maps and other geographic, representations, tools and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.

Civics and Government

Enable learners to understand the relationship of the United States to other nations and to world affairs

Insure that learners are made aware of the full range of opportunities to participate as citizens in the American democracy and of their responsibilities for doing so.

– Show less

Primary Sources:

Obituaries, interviews, news reports, grave markers, information from Internet-based sources.

Lesson Plan Images:

Japanese Soldier Statue

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Japanese Soldier Statue; Page 1
POW/MIA Memorial, Lake A, Riverside

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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POW/MIA Memorial, Lake A, Riverside; Page 4
Riverside National Cemetery, Veterans Day 2015

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Riverside National Cemetery, Veterans Day 2015; Page 4
Tuskegee Airmen Ground Crew. Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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Tuskegee Airmen Ground Crew. Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945; Page 1&6

Japanese American 442nd Unit

Photo Credit: Library of Congress

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Japanese American 442nd Unit; Page 7
Lillian Kinkela Keil (1916-2005)

Photo Credit: US Air Force

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Lillian Kinkela Keil (1916-2005); Page 8
Joe Morris (1925-2011)

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Joe Morris (1925-2011); Page 8
Montford Point Veterans

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Montford Point Veterans; Page 9

Veterans Day Flags

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Veterans Day Flags; Page 10
Veterans Memorial, Riverside

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Veterans Memorial, Riverside; Page 11
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Memorial Day

Memorial Day

Honoring Service and Sacrifice

Though widely observed since the late 1860s, Memorial Day did not become an official national holiday until 1971. On this day, communities across the United States place American flags on graves of veterans, memorializing the 1.1 million Americans who have died in our nation’s wars.

Education Standards Primary & Lesson Resources

Education Standards

Common Core English Language Arts Standards (ELA)

KEY: RI: Reading Informational Text SL: Speaking and Listening
RI.3
Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas, or events interact and develop over the course of the text.
RI.7
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; of the subject under investigation.
SL.4
Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

Common Core History/Social Studies Standards

KEY: RH: Reading History WHST: Writing History
RH 11-12.7
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media in order to address a question or solve a problem.
WHST 9-10.7
Conduct short as well as sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem or broaden inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject.
WHST 11-12.7
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem, narrow or broaden an inquiry when appropriate, synthesize multiple sources on the subject demonstrating understanding of the subject.

NCSS Disciplinary Standards

History

Assist learners in utilizing chronological thinking so they can distinguish between past, present, and future time, can place historical narratives in the proper chronological framework, can interpret data presented in timelines; and compare alternative models for periodization.

Enable learners to develop historical comprehension in order that they might reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage; identify the central questions addressed in historical narrative; draw upon data in historical maps, charts and other graphic organizers; and draw upon visual, literary, or musical sources.

Help learners to identify issues and problems of the past, recognize factors contributing to such problems, identify and analyze alternative courses of action, formulate a position or course of action, and evaluate the implementation of that decision.

– Show less

Primary Sources:

John A. Logan’s Memorial Day Order (1868)

Early Memorial Day and Decoration Day Postcards (early 20th century)

Twentieth Century Memorial Day Traditions

Quotation from Henry Ward Beecher (1863)

Lesson Plan Images:

Memorial Day

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Memorial Day; Page Cover
Memorial Day

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Memorial Day; Page 6
In Memoriam

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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In Memoriam; Page 7
Bivouac Quote

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Bivouac Quote; Page 7

Civil Ware Era graves at Cypress Hills National Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Civil Ware Era graves at Cypress Hills National Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY; Page 7
Chief Marshal Ribbon

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Chief Marshal Ribbon; Page 8
Memorial Day Arlington National Cemetery, 1928

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Memorial Day Arlington National Cemetery, 1928; Page 9
In Memoriam Souvenir Postmark

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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In Memoriam Souvenir Postmark; Page 10

Scout Volunteer Patch

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Scout Volunteer Patch; Page 12
Memorial Day Beaufort National Cemetery 2015

Photo Credit: Nicholas Trout, Beaufort National Cemetery

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Memorial Day Beaufort National Cemetery 2015; Page 12
Barrancas-Decoration Day

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Barrancas-Decoration Day; Page 17A
The Warriors Banner

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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The Warriors Banner; Page 17B

In Memoriam

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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In Memoriam; Page 17C
Decoration Day Greetings

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Decoration Day Greetings; Page 17D
Decoration Day

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Decoration Day; Page 17E
Daughter of Regiment

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Daughter of Regiment; Page 17F

Memorial Day Liberty

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Memorial Day Liberty; Page 17G
Decoration Gave their all

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Decoration Gave their all; Page 17H
Decoration Day Blue and Gray Handshake

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Decoration Day Blue and Gray Handshake; Page 17I
Heroes

Photo Credit: National Cemetery Administration

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Heroes; Page 17J
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More Lessons

More Lesson Plans

Please visit:www.cem.va.gov/cem/history/morlesplns.asp