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National Cemetery Administration


Dates of Establishment: National Cemeteries & NCA Burial Sites (1 of 6)

Although the U.S. Army maintained cemetery records in the nineteenth century, it can be challenging to determine dates of establishment along with first and oldest burials. At some locations, the earliest date of the death substantially predates the year the cemetery was established — often this is due to the relocation of remains from other cemeteries when the Army closed military installations. The date a national cemetery was established may correspond to earliest date of death (military or civilian), when the government legally acquired the land, or when a government official authorized or designated the grounds as a national cemetery. In locations where there was room in private cemeteries, the military may have buried its dead in plots designated as soldiers' lots, regardless of service branches interred.

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1. Civil War-Era National Cemeteries

The first national cemeteries were established during the Civil War—1861 to 1865. Following the conclusion of hostilities in April 1865, the U.S. Army Quartermaster General's Office planned additional national cemeteries at sites of major battles, prison of war locations, and hospitals. Italicized entries were identified by the Army in 1944 as the original twelve national cemeteries established by an act of Congress dated July 17, 1862; however, some of the cemeteries were in use prior to that (Alexandria, VA, and Keokuk, IA). Later histories included two additional cemeteries—Antietam and Philadelphia—in the group of originals, however, this appears to be a misinterpretation of the historical record.

Name Location Est.
Alexandria Alexandria, VA 1862
Annapolis Annapolis, MD 1862
Camp Butler Springfield, IL 1862
Cypress Hills Brooklyn, NY 1862
Remark for Cypress Hills: Reinterments from closed military installations in the New York City area include soldiers and civilians who died prior to Civil War; the earliest date of death is ca. 1822. Discontiguous Jamaica Avenue addition was acquired in 1884 to allow for expansion.
Danville Danville, KY 1862
Fort Leavenworth Fort Leavenworth, KS 1862
Remark for Fort Leavenworth: Originally a burial place for the garrison at Fort Leavenworth (1827), it was used for Civil War burials beginning in 1861.
Fort Scott Fort Scott, KS 1862
Remark for Fort Scott: Remains of soldiers buried in the old fort cemetery were reinterred here, thus dates of death predate the Civil War.
Keokuk Keokuk, IA 1862
Remark for Keokuk: Site began being used for burials in 1861.
Loudon Park Baltimore, MD 1862
Remark for Loudon Park: Site began being used for burials in 1861.
Mill Springs Nancy, KY 1862
New Albany New Albany, IN 1862
Soldiers' Home Washington, DC 1862
Remark for Soldiers' Home: Site began being used for burials in 1861.Today known as the Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home National Cemetery, it is administered by U.S. Department of the Army.
Beaufort Beaufort, SC 1863
Cave Hill Louisville, KY 1863
Chattanooga Chattanooga, TN 1863
Remark for Chattanooga: While established in 1863, some records indicate that the cemetery was not named "national" until 1867.
Gettysburg Gettysburg, PA 1863
Remark for Gettysburg: Union dead from the July 1863 battle were consolidated on land adjacent to a private cemetery. Dedicated later that year, it was not until 1864 that the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania established an organization to oversee the cemetery. In 1872, it was transferred to the federal government. Today, it is administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Jefferson Barracks St. Louis, MO 1863
Remark for Jefferson Barracks: A post cemetery existed here since 1827.
Knoxville Knoxville, TN 1863
Lexington Lexington, KY 1863
Rock Island Rock Island, IL 1863
Arlington Arlington, VA 1864
Remark for Arlington: Administered by U.S. Department of the Army.
Battleground Washington, DC 1864
Remark for Battleground: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Beverly Beverly, NJ 1864
Chalmette Chalmette, LA 1864
Remark for Chalmette: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Mound City Mound City, IL 1864
Stones River Murfreesboro, TN 1864
Remark for Stones River: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Andersonville Andersonville, GA 1865
Remark for Andersonville: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Antietam Sharpsburg, MD 1865
Remark for Antietam: Burials related to the 1862 battle existed across a large area. A single cemetery was established in 1865 by the State of Maryland and in 1877, it was transferred to the federal government. Today, it is administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Ball's Bluff Leesburg, VA 1865
Remark for Ball's Bluff: Burials from the 1862 battle lay in individual graves to the east of the cemetery. Remains were moved to this site in 1865.
Florence Florence, SC 1865
Mobile Mobile, AL 1865
Raleigh Raleigh, NC 1865
Salisbury Salisbury, NC 1865
Remark for Salisbury: Discontiguous addition opened on the VA Medical Center campus in 2000 as an expansion.
Camp Nelson Nicholasville, KY 1866
City Point Hopewell, VA 1866
Cold Harbor Mechanicsville, VA 1866
Corinth Corinth, MS 1866
Crown Hill Indianapolis, IN 1866
Fort Harrison Fort Harrison, VA 1866
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg, VA 1866
Remark for Fredericksburg: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior; a plaque at the cemetery shows the establishment date as 1865.
Glendale Richmond, VA 1866
Hampton Hampton, VA 1866
Remark for Hampton: Discontiguous "Phoebus" addition was acquired 1891 to allow for expansion.
Marietta Marietta, GA 1866
Natchez Natchez, MS 1866
Poplar Grove Petersburg, VA 1866
Remark for Poplar Grove: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Port Hudson Pineville, LA 1866
Richmond Richmond, VA 1866
Seven Pines Sandston, VA 1866
Shiloh Shiloh, TN 1866
Remark for Shiloh: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Vicksburg Vicksburg, MS 1866
Remark for Vicksburg: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Winchester Winchester, VA 1866
Yorktown Yorktown, VA 1866
Remark for Yorktown: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Alexandria Pineville, LA 1867
Barrancas Barrancas, FL 1867
Remark for Barrancas: Enlargement of post cemetery that dates to 1838.
Baton Rouge Baton Rouge, LA 1867
Culpeper Culpeper, VA 1867
Danville Danville, VA 1867
Fayetteville Fayetteville, AR 1867
Fort Donelson Dover, TN 1867
Remark for Fort Donelson: Administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Fort Smith Fort Smith, AR 1867
Remark for Fort Smith: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1819.
Grafton Grafton, WV 1867
Jefferson City Jefferson City, MO 1867
Lebanon Lebanon, KY 1867
Memphis Memphis, TN 1867
Nashville Madison, TN 1867
New Bern New Bern, NC 1867
San Antonio San Antonio, TX 1867
Springfield Springfield, MO 1867
Staunton Staunton, VA 1867
Wilmington Wilmington, NC 1867
Fort Gibson Fort Gibson, OK 1868
Remark for Fort Gibson: Enlargement of a post cemetery that dates to 1824.
Little Rock Little Rock, AR 1868
Remark for Little Rock: The first acreage was purchased in 1866, however the cemetery was not established until two years later.
Quincy Quincy, IL 1868
Remark for Quincy: In 1899, interments that made up the original national cemetery were moved a final time to the current location.
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